Group: Armenoid, Dinarid, Mediterranid


Type of coastal European regions that contains Mediterranid and Dinaro-Armenid elements. Probably the result of ancient migrations from Asia Minor across the sea. Found from Lebanon and Southern Turkey to Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Spain, France (Brittany, Gironde), partially British Isles (western and southern coasts, Wales, Scotland), Netherlands, Frisia, sometimes even Scandinavia and Poland.

Physical Traits:

Light brown skin. Straight to curly, brown or black hair. Dark eyes. Rather tall, ecto- to endomorph, meso-, sometimes macroskelic. Mesocephalic, mildly hypsicranic, slightly flattened occiput. Nose hyperleptorrhine, often convex, prominent. Face is oval, body hair strong.


Originally defined as Atlanto Mediterranid / Littoral by Deniker (1900), this was kept by Montandon (1933), Saller (1949) and Vallois (1971). Many others (Eickstedt, 1934; Coon, 1939) didn't accept it as Atlanto Mediterranid proper and considered it mixed. Czekanowski's (1929) Armenoid-admixed numerical Littoral type inspired Lundman (1952, 1957, 1967) among others to define a Littoral/ Litor(o)id. Hooton's (1955) Irish Dinarics and Coon's (1939) Dinaricized Meds are very similar. Biasutti's (1967) Padana type can be included.

Similar types:

North Atlantid Dinarid
Baskid Gracile Mediterranid
Eurafricanid Anatolid
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