Pacifid (proper)

Group: Pacifid


American type, native to the moist forests of the North Pacific coast, from Aleuts across South Alaska, British Columbia to Oregon. Purest in Wakashan and many Salishan speakers, especially Kwakiutl and Nez Perce, also Flatheads, Tlinkit, Haida, Coeur d'Alene, Shuswap, Yakama, and many related groups. Weak influences range from Labrador to Texas and even Hawaii. In its centre a Northern, Kwakiutl, Thompson River, and Harrison Lake subtype exist.

Physical Traits:

Light yellowish-brown skin, straight or wavy, dark brown, occasionally lighter hair. Medium height to tall, macroskelic, sometimes mesoskelic, endomorph to mesomorph, relatively long arms. Brachycephalic, ortho- chamaecranic, large-headed. Mildly leptorrhine, prominent, straight or slightly convex nose. Angular facial features, massive, not very strong chin. Eyes weakly slanted.


Named by Eickstedt (1934) as a Pacifid subtype after various local varieties had been identified by Boas (1905). This was adopted by Vogel (1974), Knussmann (1996) and others. Neumann (1952, 1966) and Lundman (1967) called it Deneid. Imbelloni's (1952) Columbids and Biasutti's (1967) Aleutina race are similar.

Similar types:

Athabaskid Planid
California Pacifid Arizonid
Robust Polynesid
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