Relatively recent North American contact type. Started to develop as Athabaskan speakers of Canada migrated South during late Pre-Columbian periods, and became more numerous when Europeans reintroduced the horse to America, which facilitated bison hunts in the prairie. Today typical in Apache, Navajo, and Comanche, also in some neighbouring tribes. Still relatively numerous.
Light yellowish/reddish-brown skin with straight or wavy, dark brown or black hair. (Rather) tall, meso- macroskelic with an endomorph to mesomorph, very robust body. Brachycephalic, orthocranic. Mildly leptorrhine, prominent, straight or slightly convex nose. The face is wide, hair growth moderate. Eyes mildly slanted.
Named and defined by Lundman (1943, 1952, 1967) as a contact type, he included some Pueblid groups. Eickstedt (1934) called it South Pacifid, noting Silvid and Centralid admixture. Canals Frau (1950) regarded it as Pacifid. Imbelloni (1958) and Biasutti (1967) described it as an admixed Pueblo-Andid.
|| Pacifid |
| California Pacifid
|| Planid |