Group: Armenoid


Widespread type, found in its most specialised form in the mountains of Asia Minor. Associated with the ancient Cypriots and the Hittite Kingdom. Common in Armenians, Turks of mountain regions (e.g. Taurus), Lebanese, and Mazanderani. Significant in Georgians, Ossetians, occasionally Azerbaijanis, Kurds, West Persians, Jews, across the Mediterranean (Crete, Southern Italy and Southwestern Spain, Crete, Tunisia), in Central Asia, Syria, traces far South to Yemen and India.

Physical Traits:

Light brown skin, wavy, dark brown hair. Medium height, endomorph with broad shoulders, and often macroskelic. Hyperbrachycephalic, hypsicranic with a flat occiput. Hyperleptorrhine, long, convex, and swollen nose. Face rather broad with fleshy features. Chin weak. Lower lip full, lower eyelids heavy, mouth broad. Eyebrows strong, body hair very heavy. Sometimes mildly prognathic.


Originally described by Luschan (1889) during his travellings in Lycia. Adopted by Hooton (1946), Lundman (1967), Bernhard (1993) and others. GŁnter (1929) and Peters (1940) called it Near Eastern. Eickstedt (1961), Biasutti (1967) and Knussmann (1996) later split off Anadolid. Bunak's (1960) Pontic-Zabrossian is similar

Similar types:

Dinarid Mtebid
Anatolid Iranid
Assyroid East Pamirid
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