Patagonid (proper)

Group: Patagonid


The most characteristic variety of the Patagonid group. Once dominated the cool grasslands of Patagonia. Was pushed back by Mapuche as well as Europeans. Probably had some very tall and massive subvarieties (the extinct Tiremenen). Today only found in some Tehuelche, often mixed. Slightly Fuegid-admixed in Selknam, whose last full-blooded member died in the 1970s.

Physical Traits:

Olive light brown skin, straight black, rarely wavy hair. (Very) tall, brachy- mesoskelic, meso- to endomorph with the largest body mass worldwide. Brachycephalic, sometimes mesocephalic, mildly hypsicranic, very large-headed. High, leptorrhine, straight, sometimes convex nose. Faces large and rather with strong zygomatic arches. Chin sturdy, mouth wide, lips relatively full, eyes slanting.


Their huge stature facinated early explorers (Whittall, 2013). Verneau (1903) described some groups as reaching 185 cm (like the African Nuer, the tallest indigenous tribe). Lumdman (1967) defined it as Patagonid, separating it from Pampid. Biasutti (1967) as the Patagonian variety of Pampid. Often united with Pampid in Patagonid (Eickstedt, 1937; Knussmann, 1996) or Pampid (Imbelloni, 1958; Kunter, 1987).

Similar types:

Pampid Bororo
South Andid Huarpid
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