Group: Centralid


Centralid subtype, that has partially adapted to the tropical forests of the Isthmus of Panama and the surrounding regions from Colombia to Mexico. Played a role in the ancient Maya civilisation. However, the most typical groups live farther South and include the Mayangna, Pech, Kuna, Naso, Ngäbe, Bokota, and related people.

Physical Traits:

Medium (yellowish) brown skin, straight or slightly wavy hair. Short, sometimes very short or even pygmoid, mesoskelic, ectomorph to endomorph. Often hyperbrachycephalic, mildly hypsicranic. Mesorrhine button nose. Faces small and round with infantile features. Mouth wide, forehead narrow, eyes mildly slanting.


The southern "brasiloid" group of Centralid was called Isthmid by Eickstedt (1934). The term was used by many others in a similar manner (Canals Frau, 1950; Imbelloni, 1952; Biasutti, 1967; Lundman, 1967). Sometimes the similar Maya type was included.

Similar types:

Pueblid Maya
Chocó-Motilon North Amazonid
North Andid West Amazonid
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