Group: Melanesid


Melanesid variety, associated with the ancient "Walzenbeil" culture. Has sometimes been described as bantuiform, although no close genetic relationship to Africans exists. Dominant in the Western Solomons (e.g. Buka, New Georgia) and Bougainville as well as Nissan. Mixed in the Admiralty Islands, New Ireland, New Hannover, North-East New Guinea, and some other parts of Melanesia.

Physical Traits:

Black, sometimes dark dark brown skin - the darkest in Oceania. Unlike in African Blacks, even palms are dark. Tight-curly / kinky hair that is black-brown, rarely blonde or red (especially in children). Medium-height, mesoskelic, ecto- to mesomorph. Mesocephalic, mildly hypsicranic. Straight or mildly convex, platyrrhine nose. Relatively soft facial features, supraorbital arches mild.


Named and defined by Speiser (1938) and later used by Lundman (1952, 1967, 1988) after a Buka type had been recognised much earlier (Hagen, 1899). Eickstedt (1934) and Knussmann (1996) regarded it as a variety of Paleo Melanesid, Biasutti (1967) of Papua-Melanesid.

Similar types:

Insular Melanesid Brachio Melanesid
North Australid Paleo Melanesid
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