Orthocranic skulls are characterised by the skull height reaching more than 70 percent of the skull length, but less than 75 percent. This is also called medium high-skulled. Orthocrany today is widespread on all continents. It dominates throughout Africa, in the western half of Europe, and large parts of South and Central Asia. Much of Australia is orthocranic as well. In North America most groups of temperate and cold climate show orthocrany. In South America it is often transitional to mild hypsicrany, but dominates around the Caribbean.